After a few years, WD finally updated its flagship SSD. We are checking out the WD Black SN850X NVMe SSD, the 2TB capacity to be exact. The SN850X is an updated version of its predecessor, the SN850, that we reviewed a few years ago. It features a better and improved 8nm WD proprietary controller. WD improved its flash memory with a 112-layer BICS5 TLC NAND. Performance-wise, it offers speeds of up to 7,300MB/s sequential read speed and up to 6,600MB/s sequential write speed. So, can the improved WD Black SN850X NVMe keep up with the ever-competitive SSD market? Let’s find out in our review below.
UPDATE: Just a quick update for this year (2023). The WD SN850X currently sells at a huge discount, making it even a more attractive SSD. You simply can’t go wrong with this drive for its price.
WD Black SN850X NVMe 2TB SSD Review
You’ll know that WD Black SN850X is an upgrade or improved version of its original. Instead of using a different name, like SN950, WD just put “X” at the end of the SN850. This tell’s us that it’s a refreshed or improved SSD version. It is akin to NVIDIA releasing a “Ti” variant of the RTX 3080 GPU after several months or a year.
Maybe WD didn’t release an “SN950” since that would be the next-generation SSD. And perhaps WD is reserving that name for its PCIe 5.0-based SSD. So, don’t get confused with the naming scheme. The WD Black SN850X is the new and updated version of the SN850 SSD released two years ago.
- Get the ultimate gaming edge over your competition with insane speeds of up to 7,300 MB/s for top-level performance and ridiculously short load times.
- Soup up your gaming experience with extremely low latency that loads graphics fast with a minimal stutter and lagging for smooth, satisfying action.
- A range of capacities from 1TB to 4TB means you can keep more of today’s games that can take up to 200GB or more storage.
- The 1TB and 2TB 2 drives have an optional version with RGB lighting plus a heatsink to help maintain peak performance through the most intense gaming sessions.
- Game Mode 2.0 serves even more PC performance-boosting features like load prediction to ready game assets for fast in-game loading.
- Output approaching the limits of the PCIe® Gen4 3 interface helps you get ultra-fast performance out of your storage and system components.
WD Black SN850X Specifications
Packaging and Closer Look
WD’s packaging for its flagship SSD didn’t change much. It still has that all-black color scheme, with Orange highlights and White for most of the text. The SN850X’s retail packaging is reminiscent of its non-X variant. There’s also a window at the back of the box where you can see the SSD’s sticker label.
Above are the WD Black SB850X 2 TB’s front and rear views. The chips, covered by a sticker label, are located on the top-front portion of the SSD’s PCB. There’s nothing on the underside of the PCB.
WD doesn’t seem to have any passive cooling solution on the SN850X. There’s no copper heat spreader or aluminum sheet. The sticker label on the front top is just a paper sticker.
Controller, NAND Flash, and DRAM…
When I peeled the sticker label to take photos of the chips, some of the print stuck on the sticker side. That’s why the label on the controller is partially erased. The first chip near the M.2 fingers is a SanDisk-brand 8nm controller labeled 20-82-20035-B2. If you are not updated yet, Western Digital owns SanDisk now. So don’t get surprised to see both brands on the same product.
The SSD’s middle portion is a Micon D9XPG 16Gb DDR4 DRAM module. If I am not mistaken, it is a 2GB memory for cache. Finally, two SanDisk BiCS5 3D TLC NAND flashes are located towards the PCB’s end. I’m not sure why WD opted for a 112-layer NAND flash instead of a 176-layer TLC NAND flash. Maybe WD wanted to use its own NAND flash rather than outsourcing it, which may reduce costs.
WD Dashboard Software
WD has its proprietary software for its storage solution called the Dashboard. With WD’s Dashboard you can check the status of the SSD, monitor its performance, do some basic maintenance and optimization and update the drive’s firmware. Yes, you do need to install the Dashboard if you need to update the drive’s firmware. You also need the Dashboard if you want to try or enable the Gaming Mode 2.0.
When Game Mode 2.0 is activated, three features also get enabled. These are Predictive Loading, Adaptive Thermal Management, and Overhead Balancing. Below are their respective definition according to WD.
- Predictive Loading – Advance “read look ahead” algorithm to predict and pre-emptively cache what is next in the game.
- Achieved by enabling the controller to detect incoming low Queue Depth, sequential workloads leading to improved game load times.
- Results in quicker in-game loading of scenes/levels/areas for our customers.
- Adapting Thermal Management – Implemented upgrades to improve the energy efficiency while maintaining high data throughput even at higher ambient temperatures.
- Achieved by smoothing out the thermal throttling step function instead of maintaining full burst performance for longer and aggressively reducing throughput to bring down temperatures.
- Improved algorithm allows for higher performance while improving cooling of the drive.
- Overhead Balancing – Delivers improved latency and game play experience by prioritizing reads over writes and modulating other background functions.
- Algorithm can change the scheduling of background functions (ex. garbage collection) while games are being actively played in order to maximize game performance when gamers need it the most.
WD Black SN850X Review Test Setup
I tested the WD Black SN850X 2TB capacity on an Intel Z690 system powered by an Intel Core i7-12700K. I installed the drive on the first M.2 slot. The first M.2 slot, located just below the CPU socket, is connected to the CPU. Below are the rest of the system’s specifications:
|Operating System||Windows 10 Pro 64bit|
|Processor||Intel Core i7-12700K|
|Motherboard||Asus ROG Maximus Z690 Hero|
|Memory||ADATA XPG Caster RGB DDR5-6400MHz 32GB|
|Graphics Card||MSI GeForce RTX 3080 Ti SUPRIM X|
Note that I used the motherboard’s heatsink for the M.2 drives. The SN850X that we have here is not the Heatsink variant. So, I will be using the motherboard’s heatsink for consistency.
Also, I did not enable Game Mode 2.0 when I tested the SSD. I didn’t enable any particular features or functions for the other SSDs I tested in this review. So all drives are set to their “default state,” and we see the raw performance only.
WD Black SN850X NVMe SSD 2TB Benchmark Results
AJA Benchmark Results
In the AJA System Test benchmark, the WD Black SN850X surpassed Samsung’s latest 990 Pro by a hairline in the sequential read test. The performance difference is negligible, and both drives can be considered on a par in this test. The new SN850X also showed some improvement over its predecessor, the SN850.
AS SSD Benchmark Results
In AS SSD’s sequential benchmark, the SN850X could not outperform the Phison E18-controlled Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus in the sequential write test. But it’s still in the upper place of the chart. The same can be said during the 4k random benchmark, where the SN850X trade blows with the 990 PRO and Predator GM7000.
ATTO Disk Benchmark Results
ATTO Disk benchmark is purely a sequential test, and I was hoping it would hit the 7,300MB/s and 6,600MB/s advertised speeds with this benchmark test. However, I only got around 6,651MB/s sequential read and around 6,250MB/s sequential write. To be fair, non of the drives reached their advertised speeds in this test.
CrystalDiskmark Benchmark Results
In the CrystalDiskMark benchmark, the SN850X reached its advertised sequential write speed. But its sequential read speed fell short by just a few hundred MB/s. My WD SN850X got a sequential write speed of 6,691MB/s and a sequential read speed of 6980 MB/s, which is not that far from the advertised 7,300MB/s.
The WD Black SN850X also performed well during the 4k random test in AS SSD. It’s slightly faster on the 4k random read than the Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus. But it fell behind on the 4k random write. Nevertheless, we still see the SN850X on the top portion of the chart, which is good.
If you haven’t noticed yet, its predecessor, the SN850, is usually at the bottom of the chart. It means there is a substantial improvement and performance between the SN850X and SN850.
PCMark 10 Full System Drive Benchmark Results
Finally, I tested the WD Black SN850X 2TB SSD using the PCMark 10 Full System drive benchmark suite. It is an intensive test and takes about an hour (or more) to finish. The test uses a wide-ranging set of real-world traces from popular applications (Adobe Creative Suite, Microsoft Office) and everyday tasks to thoroughly test modern drives’ performance.
I wasn’t sure if the SN850X would outperform the Phison E18-based SSDs or the Innogrit ones. But I would be disappointed if it didn’t. Luckily for WD, the SN850X landed second place in this test, just behind Samsung’s 990 PRO.
In my opinion, this is a win for WD, considering that it can finally compete and sometimes outperform the Phison and Innogrit-based SSDs in the market. After (almost) two years, WD is again neck and neck with Samsung when it comes to their flagship SSDs.
The PCMark 10 Full system drive test also shows the drive’s average access time. I included the benchmark results this time. The SN850X got an average access time of 47μs, just 1μs behind the 990 Pro. That’s basically negligible and is considered on par.
Pricing and Availability
The WD Black SN850X NVMe SSD has been available in the market for several weeks/months already. It came with an original MSRP of $159.99 for the 1TB capacity, $289.99 for the 2TB capacity, and $699.99 for the 4TB capacity. The SN850X Heatsink variant is $20 more than the non-heatsink version, but a 4TB with the heatsink is not available. When it comes to warranty, WD is offering a 5-year warranty for the said SSD. However, when I published this review, the prices had gone down already. For the latest pricing and availability, kindly follow the links below.
UPDATE: It’s 2023, and I see the SN850X selling significantly cheaper than before. For example, the 4TB capacity is currently selling for around $300. That’s more than 50% off. The other capacities are discounted as well. Prices tend to change, so check the latest pricing and availability below.
WD Black SN850X M.2 SSD Review Conclusion
For almost two years, WD was behind the competition regarding SSD performance. The WD SN850 struggled to compete with the Phison-based and Innogrit-based SSDs on the market. Not only did the competition have a better and faster controller, but they were already using a 176-layer 3D TLC.
With the release of the new SN850X, WD has regained its top position and crown. Although not a clear win, since it trades blow with Samsung’s new 990 PRO SSD. Performance-wise, the SN850X is one of the fastest SSDs in the market, as you have seen from the benchmark results above.
While the SN850X could not outperform the 990 Pro in performance, the SN850X beats the 990 Pro in today’s pricing. The 2TB 990 Pro comes with an MSRP of $289.99, similar to SN850X’s launch price. However, since the SN850X has been on the market for several weeks, its current price has also decreased. The 2TB SN850X currently retails for around $229.99 only. Not to mention, Samsung’s 990 Pro isn’t available yet. It will start selling in November. So WD has the starting advantage here.
I don’t have anything to say or report negatively about WD’s SN850X. Well, it doesn’t have hardware-based encryption, unlike the competition. But similar to Samsung, WD has a good track record regarding its SSD’s quality. I don’t have the heatsink variant, but I think it looks pleasing with its industrial-rugged design. The WD SN850X is not only compatible with PC, but it also works with PlayStation 5.
Overall, the WD Black SN850X NVMe SSD is one of the fastest in the market. You can’t go wrong with this drive, especially if you spot one for a good deal.